The Canada columbine is a Zone 3 plant that can be grown from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia. This plant produces cheerful yellow and pink or red and yellow flowers, which open late spring. It continues to bloom until the summer heat prompts the plant to spread its seeds. This plant is not invasive at all and prefers rocky slopes that are partly shaded. Don't plant it in rich soils with a lot of water.
This plant was one of the first plants from North America to be brought back to Europe for garden cultivation. The earliest recorded European garden cultivation of the Canada columbine was in 1634 at London.
This plant's yellow petals taper into red upright spurs. Since they are filled with nectar, these plants attract quite a bit of animals from hawk moths to butterflies to hummingbirds. The Canada columbine is deer-resistant. However, it is often the larval host of the duskywing butterfly. Many well-known Canada columbine hybrids involve a cross with canadensis and vulgaris varieties. They cross quite freely.
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